Akmukhanova N.R., Zayadan B.K., Bauyenova M.O., Sadvakasova A.K., Bolatkhan K., Seilbek S. Formation of structured biocenoses of higher aquatic plants and phototrophic microorganisms for application in wastewater treatment

Казахский национальный университет имени аль-Фараби, Казахстан, Алматы, *e-mail: nurziya.akmuhanova@kaznu.kz

  • Акмуханова Н.Р.*, Заядан Б.К., Бауенова Казахский национальный университет имени аль-Фараби, Казахстан, Алматы

Abstract

One of the modern methods used in the development of environmentally friendly technologiesfor protecting the environment and restoring natural resources is bioremediation, which is the mostsparing method for preserving biodiversity and ensuring the sustainability of cleansing biocenoses. Theformation of this area of scientific knowledge was held in the 1990s and intensive development of ecobiotechnologies is currently taking place. The use of cyanobacteria and microalgae resistant to pollutedwaters, introduction of higher aquatic plants into the purifying consortium, allows the creation of a newintegrated biotechnology for the purification and restoration of polluted water bodies. The aim of the research was the formation of structured biocenoses, including organisms of differenttaxonomic groups, for selecting optimal parameters for controlling bioremediation processes.It was determined that a more positive effect between organisms was observed in consortia: Ankistrodesmus sp. BI-1 + Anabaena variabilis RI-5 + Pistia stratiotes and Schenedemus quadricauda B-1 +Anabaena variabilis RI-5 + Pistia stratiotes. It was determined that during all the time of joint existenceall the components of the consortium stimulated the development of each other, the dynamics of growthof all members of the consortium significantly exceeded the growth of these organisms in monocultures.The obtained results indicate that the use of the HAP consortium, microalgae and cyanobacteria inwastewater treatment in laboratory conditions is very effective in comparison with the use of plants,microalgae and cyanobacteria separately.Key words: microalgae, cyanobacteria, bioremediation, consortium, higher aquatic plants.
Published
2018-04-12
How to Cite
ЗАЯДАН Б.К., БАУЕНОВА, Акмуханова Н.Р.*,. Akmukhanova N.R., Zayadan B.K., Bauyenova M.O., Sadvakasova A.K., Bolatkhan K., Seilbek S. Formation of structured biocenoses of higher aquatic plants and phototrophic microorganisms for application in wastewater treatment. Eurasian Journal of Ecology, [S.l.], v. 52, n. 3, p. 46-53, apr. 2018. ISSN 2617-7358. Available at: <http://bulletin-ecology.kaznu.kz/index.php/1-eco/article/view/780>. Date accessed: 20 mar. 2019.
Section
ВОЗДЕЙСТВИЕ НА ОКРУЖАЮЩУЮ СРЕДУ АНТРОПОГЕННЫХ ФАКТОРОВ И ЗАЩИТА ОКРУЖАЮЩЕЙ СРЕДЫ