Джусупова Д.Б., Сайлаубекова П.Н. Современные тенденции переработки электронных отходов как эффективный путь защиты окружающей среды

Казахский национальный педагогический университет им. Абая, Казахстан, г. Алматы

  • Джусупова Д.Б., Сайлаубекова П.Н. Казахский национальный педагогический университет им. Абая, Казахстан, г. Алматы

Abstract

The problem of waste generation of electronic and electrical equipment today is one of the mostactual. The quantity of electronic and electrical equipment is growing in the market with great speed,however, due to technical progress, they quickly become obsolete. As a result, a huge amount of equipment is accumulated all over the world, which must be utilized and recycled. It is established that theelectronic and electrical equipment includes a whole range of toxic substances that are harmful to theenvironment and human health. However, with proper recycling of waste equipment, these substancesare a valuable raw material, which can subsequently be reused for manufacturing new components. Aninnovative criterion for technologies for processing electronic and electrical waste can be assessed fromthe point of view of economic, environmental and social effects. Foreign experience in managing elec tronic waste has been briefly analyzed and the concept of electronic waste management and the conceptof product management, which are the most common in developed countries, are considered. Presentedsome data on the disposal of electronic waste management in the Republic of Kazakhstan at the presentstage and marked achievements and problems on the way to effective processing of electronic waste inthe republic. It is noted that in Kazakhstan there is a basis for the development of a waste managementsystem for electronic and electrical equipment, but cooperation is required, as well as borrowing of foreign experience, which would certainly help to solve the problems in this area more quickly.Key words: waste electrical and electronic equipments, hazardous substances, utilization, processing (recycling), environment.
Published
2018-10-07
How to Cite
П.Н., Джусупова Д.Б., Сайлаубекова. Джусупова Д.Б., Сайлаубекова П.Н. Современные тенденции переработки электронных отходов как эффективный путь защиты окружающей среды. Eurasian Journal of Ecology, [S.l.], v. 55, n. 2, p. 4-14, oct. 2018. ISSN 2617-7358. Available at: <http://bulletin-ecology.kaznu.kz/index.php/1-eco/article/view/811>. Date accessed: 10 dec. 2018.