Suleimenova N. Sh., Kuandykova E. Ecological Problems of Soybean Agroecosystem in the Conditions of the Southeast of Kazakhstan

Kazakh national agrarian university, Almaty, Kazakhstan

  • Сулейменова Н.Ш., Куандыкова Э.М Kazakh national agrarian university, Almaty, Kazakhstan

Abstract

The article presents the results of the study of the ecological problems of the agroecosystem in soybeancultivation in the southeast of Kazakhstan. The rational use of the bioenergetic resource and the biological potential of the culture studied is proved, due to the ability of nitrogen fixation – to bind atmosphericnitrogen, as a result of which the dose of applied nitrogen fertilizers is reduced, which contributes to theprotection of the environment and the resource saving of the agroecosystem. Resource-saving technology, improving the ecological situation of the agroecosystem, with an increase in the share of autotrophicnitrogen supply of soybeans allows to reduce the norm of nitrogen fertilizer from 50 to 77%. Technologyof cultivation of culture is one of the regulators of the agroecosystem. The use of such methods of innovative technology provides resource-saving due to the reduction of nitrogen fertilizers. At present, theneed to introduce environmentally safe innovative technologies of saving agriculture is dictated by theenvironmental situation and the need to reduce direct production costs. In interpreting the experimentalmaterials obtained by us, it should be noted that the advantages of resource-saving Mini-till technologiesare: – Reducing the number of technological operations for processing soil, – Restoring, maintaining andincreasing soil fertility, – Reducing soil erosion, – Improving ecosystem ecology and lower operating costs.Key words: soybean, agroecosystem, environmental problem, resource-saving, nitrogen fixation.
Published
2018-10-29
How to Cite
Э.М, Сулейменова Н.Ш., Куандыкова. Suleimenova N. Sh., Kuandykova E. Ecological Problems of Soybean Agroecosystem in the Conditions of the Southeast of Kazakhstan. Eurasian Journal of Ecology, [S.l.], v. 56, n. 3, p. 132-143, oct. 2018. ISSN 2617-7358. Available at: <http://bulletin-ecology.kaznu.kz/index.php/1-eco/article/view/837>. Date accessed: 20 may 2019.
Section
АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ СОХРАНЕНИЯ БИОЛОГИЧЕСКОГО РАЗНООБРАЗИЯ