Isolation and Characterization of Thermophilic Bacteria from Zharkent geothermal hot spring

  • Mashzhan A.S., Nils-Kåre B., Kistaubaeva A.S., Talipova A.B., Batykova Zh.K., Mussabekov Zh.T., Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Kazakhstan, Almaty., University of Bergen, Norway, Bergen., Yerevan State University, Armenia, Yerevan

Abstract

Abbreviations: CMC – carboxymethylcelllose; g/l – gram per liter.The aim this study was the isolation and characterization of thermophilic bacteria from geothermalhot spring in Zharkent town, Almaty region, Kazakhstan. Thermophilic bacteria are less studied but important group of microorganisms due to their ability to produce industrial enzymes. Eight bacterial isolates were characterized by morphological, microscopic, biochemical, and physiological characteristics.Eight bacterial isolates were isolated which capable growing at 81°C. The isolates were screened foramylase, protease, lipase and cellulose activity. The seven from eight isolates tentatively as Thermus sp.by morphology, biochemistry and physiological characteristics and one as Bacillus sp.The study confirmed that the isolates from geothermal hot spring Zharkent to be a true thermophileand could be a source of thermostable enzymes which can be exploited for industrial applications; fourisolates (AW4, AW5, AW7, AW8) from eight showed good enzymatic characterization according to theresults of their cultivations on solid medium. Isolation procedures were first carried out under variouscombinations of culture conditions; temperature (50, 60, 70, 80 and 90ºC), different media (for amylase,cellulase, lipase producer), various pH (5, 6, 7, 8 and 10). Results indicated a high phenotype diversityand hydrolase enzymes activity, which encourages future studies to explore further industrial and environmental applications.Key words: thermophiles, Zharkent geothermal hot spring, amylase, lipase, isolates
Published
2019-04-03
How to Cite
BATYKOVA ZH.K., MUSSABEKOV ZH.T.,, Mashzhan A.S., Nils-Kåre B., Kistaubaeva A.S., Talipova A.B.,. Isolation and Characterization of Thermophilic Bacteria from Zharkent geothermal hot spring. Eurasian Journal of Ecology, [S.l.], v. 58, n. 1, p. 4-23, apr. 2019. ISSN 2617-7358. Available at: <http://bulletin-ecology.kaznu.kz/index.php/1-eco/article/view/957>. Date accessed: 24 apr. 2019.
Section
ВОЗДЕЙСТВИЕ НА ОКРУЖАЮЩУЮ СРЕДУ АНТРОПОГЕННЫХ ФАКТОРОВ И ЗАЩИТА ОКРУЖАЮЩЕЙ СРЕДЫ